China has a long history and culture, the more representative is China's ancient town culture, they completely retain the ancient style, and now exist in modern society with a unique style, become the basis of our study of ancient culture and history. Ancient Chinese dwellings with its unique realm of harmony between man and nature for us to describe the Chinese people's view of man and nature, and now also become a modern leisure tourism holy land, then what are the famous ancient towns in China?
Zhouzhuang is a popular tourist destination, classified as a AAAAA scenic area by the China National Tourism Administration. It is one of the most famous water townships in China, noted for its profound cultural background, the well preserved ancient residential houses and the elegant watery views. It has been called the "Venice of the East". Zhouzhuang(周庄）is located in the southeast of Suzhou City. With a history of nearly 900 years, it attracts tourists from the whole world.
Double Bridges (双桥)
The Double Bridges, which are Shide Bridge and Yongan Bridge, are the most famous and are considered the symbol of Zhouzhuang. Built in the Wanli era (1573–1619) of the Ming Dynasty, the Double Bridges are in the northeast of the town. Shide Bridge is east-west and has a round arch, while Yongan Bridge is north-south and has a square arch. Crossing the two crisscross rivers (Yinzi Creek and Nabeishi River) and connecting at the middle, the Twin Bridges look like an old-style Chinese key.
Located at the eastern end of Zhongshi Jie, Fuan Bridge was built in 1355 during the Yuan Dynasty. The unique trait of the Fuan is the consummate combination of the single-arch bridge and the bridge towers.
Built in 1742 and located at the southeast side of Fuan Bridge, Shenting House was the private property of the descendant of Shen Wansan, the first millionaire of Jiangnan (South of Yangtze River) in the early Ming Dynasty. The whole architectural complex is of the Qing's style and occupies an area of more than 2,000 square meters (half an acre). Over 100 rooms are divided into three sections and each one is connected by arcades and aisles.
It was built by Xu's family in the Zhengtong era (1436–1449) of the Ming Dynasty and bought by Zhang's family in the early Qing Dynasty.
Xitang is in Jiashan of Jiaxing City. The town has over 1000 years of history and culture.
Xitang is a water town crisscrossed by nine rivers. The town stretches across eight sections, linked by old-fashioned stone bridges. The bridges and alleys in Xitang are unique for their special designs. In the older parts of town, the buildings are set along the banks of the canals, which serve as the main transportation thoroughfares in the area.
In Tongli(同里）the most famous scenery is "a garden, two halls, three bridges". A garden refers to Tuisi(退思）Garden. This park only embraces a small area yet its designers has managed to endow it with an ever-changing landscape.
Two halls refer to Chongben(崇本）Hall and Jiayin(嘉荫）Hall.
Three bridges mean Taiping(太平）Bridge, Geely(吉利） Bridge and Changqing（长庆）Bridge.Different shapes with various rivers and bridges are eye-opening experience for tourists.
Wuzhen(乌镇）is located in the northern Tongxiang City.There are many towns like Wuzhen that are beautiful pearls in south China.
The people together with the bridges and water form a beautiful picture. Architectures are in the fishing village style, Wuzhen is more elegant with distant history and culture.
Wuzhen enjoys a history of over 1,000 years since its establishment in 872 A.D. However, according to the textual research of the Tanjiawan site, one of the important cultural relics under state protection, ancestors of the Wuzhen people existed here during the New Stone Age 7,000 years ago. The ancient Grand Canal nurtured the splendid culture of Wuzhen, and a long historic accumulation endowed Wuzhen with deep cultural deposits. Over more than 1,000 years, Wuzhen has never changed its name, address, system of waterways or lifestyle.
Greater Lijiang (including Dayan, and two villages to the north, called Baisha 白沙 and Shuhe 束河 respectively) was registered on the UNESCO World Heritage List on December 4, 1997. Since then, the local government has taken more responsibility for the development and protection of the old city. Lijiang's tourism increased over the past twenty years, and travelers from around the world visit, though most tourists are still Han Chinese from other parts of China; the old town of Dayan has been extensively redeveloped with an eye to enhancing its commercial appeal to Han Chinese tourists and the genuinely old buildings are now in the minority.
Jade Dragon Snow Mountain (玉龙雪山)
Jade Dragon Snow Mountain (玉龙雪山) is located between 100°4′2”-100°16’30” east longitude and 27°3’2”-27°18’57” north latitude. The scenic area is 415 square kilometers. The main peak fan is 5,596 meters above sea level. It has snow all year round and develops the temperate maritime glaciers closest to the equator in the Eurasian continent. Jade Dragon Snow Mountain is called "Oulu" in Naxi, meaning silvery mountain rock. Its silver-packed, 13 snow peaks are endless, just like a "dragon" flying over the clouds, it is called "Jade Dragon." Because its lithology is mainly limestone and basalt, it is black and white, so it is also called "black and white snow mountain". She is the mountain of the hearts of the Naxi people. It is said that the Naxi people protect the gods of the "three more" incarnation.
Lugu Lake (泸沽湖)
Lugu Lake (泸沽湖) is 2,680 meters above sea level, with an area of more than 50 square kilometers. The average lake depth is 45 meters and the deepest is 93 meters. The lake is clear and blue, with a visibility of 12-14 meters. It is one of the deepest freshwater lakes in China.
Mu Fu Mansion（木府）
Mu Fu Mansion was originally the Mu's Tusi Yamen and official residence that ruled Lijiang in the 470 years after the Yuan Dynasty in 1253. In his travels, Xu Xiake described Mu's Chieftain palace as "king of the palace".
According to historical records, when the Mu Chieftain built the Mufu, he learned the symmetry and solemn architectural style of the central dynasty of the Han nationality. There are some similar miniature versions of the Imperial Palace in Beijing today.
The Laojun Mountain (老君山)
The Laojun Mountain (老君山) is a combination of the three national-level scenic spots in the Jade Dragon Snow Mountain, the Three Rivers Concurrent, and the Cangshan Erhai Lake. It is an important part of the Yulong Snow Mountain Scenic Area. This scenic spot is mainly composed of Laojunshan Jiujiu Longtan, Jinsi Factory Jinshan Yuhu, Dawn Meile Danxia Landform, New Main Natural Alpine Botanical Garden and other areas (attractions), with a total area of 715 square kilometers, which is under planning and development. Ecotourism resort. It echoes with the Jade Dragon Snow Mountain and forms the east and west wings of Lijiang's tourism resources.
Nanxun(南浔）lies to the north of Taihu. Nanxun is a town in the south of Yangtze River. There are long history, famous persons and beautiful scenery. Nanxun is a rarely wealthy town in modern Chinese history.
It was called Xunxi in the 9th century; Nanxun was established in the 13th century. The town turned into an important distribution center of farm and other products due to convenient transportation by water. Between the 16th to 19th centuries. The area emerged as one of the first entrepreneurial regions in the regions south of the Yangtze River. Production of silkworm and silk reels flourished and the raw silk trade developed. Nanxun became a commodity economy situated between in Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces.
Ancient City Pingyao(平遥古城）
Ancient City Pingyao(平遥古城）is the most completely reserved city of the Ming and Qing dynasty in China. It is an ancient town in the Central Plains of Han Nation type. The wall in Pingyao ,built as long as 6.4 km in 1370, is the largest wall in Shanxi Province.As a cultural city,Pingyao which has 2700 years of history is the only city to declare to the whole success of the World Heritage ancient town（唯一以整座古城申报世界文化遗产获得成功的古县城）.
The town is first recorded c. 800 bc and has been the seat of local government since at least the Qin. By the 16th century, it was a regional financial hub; in the late 19th century, some consider it to have been the financial centre of the Qing Empire. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a AAAAA-rated tourist attraction.
Market Tower, constructed in 14th century
City walls of Pingyao
Wuyuan(婺源) has a long history of the ancient county in Jiangxi Province. It is the hometown of Zhu Xi's and the father of Chinese railway Zhan Tianyou.Some people say it is the home of Chinese traditional culture.There are perfect ancient buildings in Ming and Qing dynasties and idyllic atmosphere and scenery.
The dialect of Wuyuan county is of the Hui dialects, and its culture closely resembles that of Huizhou in southern Anhui.
Heaven and earth, terraced family - - Jiangling
The source of forest and water world - - Wolong Valley
Huizhou carving art treasure house - - Wangkou
Auspicious and beautiful Song Dynasty corridor bridge - - - Rainbow Bridge
Gongtan(龚滩) which is located in the west of Chongqing is one of the famous rapids in the Wujiang. Gongtan town. It has always been an important port for thousands of businessmen. It used to be an important water-transfering station of salt in Sichuan.
Water and land transportation is developed rapidly now,and all trades are prosperous.It is famous for the Diaojiao buildings and blue flagstone streets.
Mudu is a town in Wuzhong District, Suzhou, Jiangsu province, China. It takes about 1.5 hours to drive from the downtown in Suzhou to Mudu.
Mudu is a small town which is famous for its history. The ancient town of Mu Du is the same old town of water town with Suzhou city. So far, it has a history of more than 2500 years. Legend has it that at the end of the Spring and Autumn Period, Wu and Yue disputed and the Vietnam War was defeated. King Goujian of Yue used "beauty tricks" to present beautiful women to King Wu. King Fuchai specially favored Xishi, specially built a pavilion and doll palace for her at the top of the beautiful Lingyan Mountains, and built Gusutai on the Purple Rock Mountains. Three years of aggregate materials, five years are completed.
The source of timber blocked the river harbor beneath the mountain, and the name of wooden malfeasance came from it. Mudu ancient town is located at the foot of Lingyan Mountain, 15 kilometers southwest of the western suburb of Suzhou. It is built on the foot of the mountain and lives near the water. Its unique pattern is rare in many ancient towns in the south of the Yangtze River, known as "the first town in Wuzhong". It is said that "Mudu town was first built, then Gusu city".
Mudu Town is also known as the "Garden Town". There are many classical gardens such as Yanjia Garden, Ancient Pine Garden and Bangyan House. The old streets of the town are vertical and horizontal. Shantang, Xiatang, Xiasha and Zhongshi Streets have experienced vicissitudes and still have their features.
The Qianlong Emperor's travel palace "Hong yin Resort"
Maple leaves from Taiping Mountain
Ancient Town of Fenghuang（凤凰古城）
Ancient Town of Fenghuang is located in the southwest of Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture of Hunan Province, and is a national 4A scenic spot. It was named after the mountain which resembles a phoenix with wings spread out. It is a gathering place of Miao and Tujia ethnic minorities.
Fenghuang Town has a long history and beautiful scenery. It has purple red sandstone towers, hanging feet towers built along the Tuojiang River, ancient courtyards of the Ming and Qing Dynasties. The oil-green Tuojiang River flows quietly. Outside of the town are Nanhua Mountain National Forest Park, Qiliang Cave of Art Palace under the city, Huangsi Bridge ancient city built in the Tang Dynasty, and the south of the world's attention. The Great Wall and other scenic spots.
It is comparable to Yunnan Old Town of Lijiang and Shanxi Pingyao town. It also enjoys the reputation of "Bei Ping yao and South Fenghuang".
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